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What is the oldest type of illustration?

A Manuscript containing Chapter 2 of the Dharani Sutra of Great Splendor (Daweide tuoluoni jing), 1231-1322.

Woodcutting, an ancient technique used in some of the world's oldest manuscripts, is considered the oldest type of illustration. This technique involves carving an image onto a wooden block, inking the block, and then pressing it onto paper to create a print. It was a popular method during the Middle Ages, and became the illustration type of choice after the invention of the printing press. The earliest known examples of woodcutting can be traced back to China during the Han Dynasty (206 BCE - 220 CE), where it was used to create stamps and printed patterns on textiles. In Europe, woodcutting was used to produce illustrations in books and newspapers, and was particularly popular during the Renaissance.

Woodcutting continued to be a popular technique for centuries, and was often used to create illustrations for popular children's books such as "Alice in Wonderland" and "The Cat in the Hat". However, with the advent of new printing technologies, such as lithography and digital printing, the popularity of woodcutting has declined.

Today, many artists and designers still use woodcutting as a way to create unique and beautiful illustrations. Some even combine traditional woodcutting techniques with digital tools to create a hybrid form of illustration. Woodcutting is also popular among printmakers and collectors, who appreciate the tactile nature of the medium and the unique character of each print.

Woodcutting is considered the oldest type of illustration and has a rich history that spans centuries and continents. Although it is no longer as popular as it once was, it still holds a special place in the world of art and design, and continues to inspire artists and designers around the world.

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